National Drought Observatories


Reducing vulnerability to droughts and other agroclimatic events with relevant, rapid response information for monitoring and early warning purposes is the key objective of the National Drought Observatories.

While data and information is often available from national and international data sources on drought hazards, these are not always provided in a relevant, timely and actionable manner. The development of drought observatories enables to unlock the potential of these datasets and to include objective drought information in the decision making process to migrate from reactive disaster management towards an integrated drought risk management.

The Chilean Agroclimatic Observatory

In close collaboration with Chile’s Ministry of Agriculture, the FAO and the International Research Institute for Climate and Society (IRI), the Chilean Agroclimatic Observatory was launched on the World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought (17 June 2013).

The observatory advises the National Climate Risk Management Unit (UNEA), providing updated information on meteorological, hydrological, and agricultural drought conditions. The observatory builds upon the Climate Data Library, and allows managing data sets online, calculating indicators, visualizing maps and exporting them to a range of formats. 

The Agroclimatic Observatory is a collection of maps and other figures that monitors drought conditions at present, provides seasonal forecasts for the near future and allows to put the currents droughts into historical context.

Access the Agroclimatic Observatory

The Peruvian Drought Observatory

During 2015 the Peruvian Drought Observatory will be further developed.

A preliminary version of the Observatory can be accessed here.

The Honduras Drought Observatory

In collaboration with the Honduras expert group on drought management, the implementation of a Hondurean Drought Observatory has been discussed and a work plan developed for its implementation in the coming months.

MWAR LAC - Managing Water Resources in Arid and Semi-Arid Regions of Latin America and the Caribbean